## Saleh Theory

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### What is the explanation of Saleh Theory for refraction of light?

It is clear that, when a light spectrum or an object enters from a vacuum to a denser medium, such as air, the velocity of that will surely decrease, and the denser the media, the greater the change in velocity and kinetic energy. It should be noted that when a photon enters a denser medium from the air, such as water or glass, the photon Impulse the media and also that media impulse the photon which causes the refraction of light. To put in another way, the impulse changes the direction of light.
According to the rotational motion of a photon, in which the component of the velocity vector are in the direction of linear motion (v ͈ ) and perpendicular to it ( v ̝ ), the change in velocity is also like that and it would not effect on its gyroradius. As a result, the R will not change so the wavelength will be constant. Thus, our changes are only in the change of the frequency ( f=v⁄λ). The important point is that the velocity of the photon depends on that media, and if the media decreases the photon velocity, the initial velocity of photons for the next medium is the last velocity in the previous medium.
Attention: If a light spectrum enters or exits a denser medium perpendicularly, refraction usually does not occur and for composite light dispersion does not occur since the angle of entry and exit of light is in one direction. But if the incidence angle of composite light is acute, the dispersion of light will usually occur and the higher the light spectrum frequencies, the greater the angle of refraction of that spectrum. Like sunlight radiation to the optical prism which causes the natural (white) light being dispersion and become colored and the higher the frequency, the greater the angle of deviation.

Since the Big Bang has created both rotational and linear motion of particles, over time a centripetal force has been created. As a result of this rotation that is called a dark matter, or in our theory vivid force, suns come close together at a point which called the center (black holes) and immerge in each other, forming very large suns till they reach very high gravity and very high density, which actually called the black hole.

Saleh Theory: Initial explanation Several batches of photons had collided at one point, had behaved according to the impulse theory and the Big Bang has occurred, which will be explained in our articles in the near future.

According to what has been said about dark energy (https://youtu.be/YWgiB0hhnNw) dark energy is the remaining of the Big Bang (Big Bang is a sudden and intense explosion of the universe at one point). And in fact, at beginning the celestial objects had very very high accelerated motion and over time, after billions of years, electrons, protons, suns and galaxies have been created and some of the energy had been consumed for the production of them. After that very high acceleration period, the world has reached a balance and relative homogeneity. In fact, from the Big Bang time, the world has begun to tear, and over time, this discontinuity has reached to a closeness, homogeneous and balance. It should be noted that the beginning time of homogeneity and equilibrium in the world is the beginning time of the creation of dark energy.

• ## 3 Dimensional Motion of Photon and Its Energy

Saleh Research Group presented an article entitled "3 Dimensional Motion of Photon and Its Energy" in the European Optical Society Annual Meeting (EOSAM) which held virtually during 07-11 Sep, 2020.

• ## The experimental reason which could prove the 3 dimensional photon motion

In 2017, Saleh Research Group proposed the theory of 3 dimensional photon motion and published this theory in the MATEC Web of Conferences[1]. At the time, this theory seemed to be a completely deconstructing theory, but over time, the experimental signs of 3 dimensional photon motion have been became apparent.

Mr. Luis and his colleagues presented their experimental results at the European Optical Society Annual meeting (EOSAM 2020) entitled "Structuring high-frequency light using high-harmonic sources" [2] that indicate the existence of rotational motion in the larger structures than single photons which we can drive the rotational motion of the photons from their results.

• ## New Definition of the Colorfulness of Photon

Saleh Research Group published its video entitled "New Definition of the Colorfulness of Photon" in May 5, 2017 about photon motion on its YouTube channel.

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