The speed of electromagnetic waves is a constant value of “C”, measured by various scientific experiments. Therefore, it can be stated that the value of the speed “C” for electromagnetic waves remains constant with no change. No scientist or calculation can alter the value of “C” or, in mathematical and physical terms, it can be said: VL= C = constant

This equation is always valid, and unalterable by both physics and mathematics. Actually, the constancy
of the parameter “C” can be considered as a constant law, and a perpetually established value.
Considering the discussions presented in parts A and B, it has been demonstrated that the helical motion
of photons has not been previously considered, and we have not calculated the helical speed. In those
sections (A and B), the value of “V_{w}“ has been calculated using physical and mathematical relations,
demonstrating that its value is “V_{w}=1.57 C”, remaining constant. In reality, it can be stated that the
wave-like speed of electromagnetic waves in the universe is also consistently constant. Just as the
existence of the constant speed “C” in the linear motion of electromagnetic waves is a principle, the
existence of a constant wave-like speed of electromagnetic waves (1.57 C) is also a fundamental
principle in their wave-like motion. In fact, we possess two principles that, alongside each other,
constitute fundamental parameters of electromagnetic waves. In fact, it can be said that the speed of
electromagnetic waves regardless of the two linear and wave-like movements is in vain. One of the best
explanations for the simultaneous existence of these two motions is the presence of helical motion,
where both linear and wave-like speeds depict images of the helical motion of electromagnetic waves,
as shown in the following figure.

Electromagnetic Waves
Speed of light
photon
Photon motion

In this paper we are going to calculate the first helix, second helix, and third helix motion paths and their speed and we will explain the broadening effect in Electromagnetic Waves. On the other hand we will explain the experiments of MIT and University of Michigan about breakdown of the Planck's Law at nanoscale gaps.

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In this paper we are going to show that the combination of different types of motion can consistently indicate the presence of electrons within their orbitals. The outcome of combining their trajectories and high speeds demonstrates a state where the electron appears to be continuously moving in a path on a sphere around its nucleus's surface, exhibiting a constant presence at every point along that sphere.

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