54th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

Proving the rotational motion of the photon using the photon energy equation




The motion of the photon is affected by the motion of its source, Electron, and must include all types of motion of its source. So, the photon has a three-dimensional motion, including a transition movement and a rotary motion. And it traverses in a helical trajectory. By using this definition, we have proved wave-particle duality at the same time and introduce a new equation for the photon energy. Using this energy equation, we conclude that this equation is always valid, so the photon must have rotational motion.
photon energy