As mentioned in the previous articles, we have a phenomenon in the world, blueshift and redshift, which is the same change in frequency due to changes in the speed of the light source. So, for example, we perceive a green light source that approaches us as blue, or we perceive it as red when moves away from us. In fact, this change of green light is caused by the speed of its source. This phenomenon is a natural phenomenon that the eye, telescope or any observer actually perceives, but it is not real.
According to Hubble's law (VH = HD), if the speed of light sources, which are actually the same galaxies, is 0.2 to 0.3 of the speed of light, we have the redshift and blueshift phenomena, but if the speed is higher than 0.3 of the speed of light, we will have "high shift" and "low shift.
We have already calculated that at a distance of approximately 1025 meters up to 1026 meters, the phenomenon of redshift and blueshift is in the range of visible light. But if the distance is more than 1026 meters, it can be said that in that area, invisible objects become visible and visible objects become invisible and "high shift” and "low shift” will begin. For a better understanding, pay attention to the mirage phenomenon on Earth. This is an actual phenomenon. The observer's eye perceives it correctly, but it is not real. Therefore, the universe can be divided into regions as follows:
The “Real” region (a:0 < R < r1) is where the speed of the received light is about the speed of light and the speed of the light source is much slower than the speed of light. This region is located in cluster area. If we receive a light from outside the cluster, for example from another cluster, we have entered the “Redshift and Blueshift” area (b:r1 < R < r2). We have this phenomenon, redshift and blueshift, maximum in the supercluster.
According to the above figure, suppose that we, as observers on Earth and in our galaxy, are located between the center of the universe and the edge of it (or further away from the center). On the other hand considering that the speed of the Earth around itself is 1700 km/h and the speed of the Earth around the Sun is 100000 km/h and the speed of the Earth around the Milky Way galaxy is 800000 km/h, it can be predicted that the speed of the Earth around the clusters should be about 2100000 km/h. In fact, it can be said that a cluster, or maximum a supercluster, is a redshift or blueshift area and the area after the supercluster is called "high shift” or "low shift” area.
In fact, it can be said that most of the images we perceive are virtual and mirage-like. They are actual, but not real. We do not have a comprehensive and complete image. The colors are shifted, the invisible becomes visible and the visible becomes invisible. Another point is that the calculated distance surely has errors. In fact, it can be said that the calculations have many mistakes.
What is the solution?
Using telescopes that work based on the wavelength of waves, since the wavelength always has a constant value.
In this paper we introduce a particle that is a subset of the photon, and its radius would be about 10^9 times the radius of the photon that this particle has been the creator and constituent of the Big Bang.
In this Paper we will show that Photon has the ability to be String, it is the best option and selection, which is actually the main nature of electrons, protons, neutrons, etc., which has eleven motions. But Superstring must be able to justify the Big Bang phenomenon, which is actually the same sub-photon whose radius is one billionth of a photon.